Discovery in Religious Studies


Religious studies students and professors work as a team to explore the topics that inspire them while pushing the boundaries of knowledge and inquiry.

It's common, in fact, for religious studies students to assist professors with their research, publications, and projects. And, with the support and supervision of their professors, Religious Studies students also pursue an array of fieldwork and research projects that fulfill their curiosity and feed their passion. Reflecting on these experiences, Whittier students regularly participate in conferences (such as the Southern California Conference on Undergraduate Research) and other academic gatherings across the nation.

Featured Student Research: Studying Religion's Impact

Image removed.Ivelis Colòn is discovering how religion affects incarcerated women who are part of the LGBTQ community.

To conduct her research, she teamed up with Los Angeles Centers for Alcohol and Drug Abuse (LA CADA) to survey and interview women at one of the center’s residential facilities. Seven women volunteered, most of whom were of Protestant or Catholic faith. Ivelis said she entered the study feeling “a little intimidated.” But after sitting down with them in a focus group, their confidence and their hope left her in awe.

“They wanted to share their stories,” Ivelis said. “That is the point of my study: to give a voice to those who are often voiceless.”

People have varying, personal ways of negotiating their faith and their LGBTQ identity, Ivelis said. Most commonly, she found women who enjoy spirituality and accept God, despite the chance of ostracization.

“Some studies show that a religious community is the best when it comes to ‘rehabilitation from substance abuse,” Ivelis said. She determined from her study that “when you’re a substance abuser, part of the LGBTQ community, and in prison, usually an individual relationship with a higher power who is more accepting than a religious community is sometimes the best.”

Ivelis’ project emerges from a genuine effort to understand the relations between religion, incarceration, LGBTQ identity, and the transition out of prison, said Associate Professor Jason Carbine, the C. Milo Connick Chair of Religious Studies.

“Justice and incarceration, religion and sexuality, are complexly related matters; when they converge in the lives of LGBTQ women (and others), they can be profoundly transformative in both positive and negative ways,” Carbine said. “Ivie’s project tries to see how and why this is the case.”

Ivelis, who has a heart for social work, discovered a passion for research at Whittier College that has shaped the course of her life. The enthusiasm in her voice is impossible to miss as she describes the questions that arose in her mind as she formulated her study, and the further avenues she could take her research.

“It’s that one thing that I have a burning passion for. So I had to do it. Now that I did it, I already know what my next one’s going to be. I really want to study pregnant women in prison, and then injustices when it comes to them,” she said.

After graduating this May, Ivelis intends to pursue a master’s in social work, gain more real-world experience in the workforce, and ultimately earn her Ph.D. in social work to continue her research.

Ivelis' study with LA CADA was supported by the Alianza de los Amigos Martin Ortiz Fellowship, which gave her the financial support to stay in L.A. for the summer to conduct her research, instead of returning home to Chicago. Her impressive knowledge, enthusiasm, and synthesis of her dual majors helped win her the fellowship award, said Office of Equity and Inclusion Director Jenny Guerra.

Student research is a tradition at Whittier

Students majoring in Religious Studies routinely present their senior projects at Whittier’s celebration of Undergraduate Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activities (URSCA), a conference held in the spring semester. Recent senior projects presented at URSCA and other on-campus panels include:

  • Ashley Dueñas Ocampo ’23, “Buddhism, Conservation Efforts, and State Interactions within the Tibetan Region of China” (Environmental Studies and Political Science majors, Religious Studies minor)
  • Hypatia Pine ’23, “Indigenous Karen and the Emergence of Current Environmental Social Movements” (Environmental Studies and Global and Cultural Studies majors, Religious Studies and Chinese minors)
  • Ellis B. Walker ‘23, “Institutional Decline or Evolution? An Intergenerational Analysis of African American Religiosity” (Whittier Scholars Program Major: Religion, Literature and Social Justice)
  • Ryan Smith ’21, "Kejawèn: Indigenous Beliefs, Religious Syncretism, and Religious Pluralism"
  • Eliza Bower ’20, “Interfaith Dialogue: An Exploration of Religio-Relativism”
  • Noah Humphrey ’20, “Holistic Care: A Comparison / A Shamanistic Research Analysis”
  • Madison Wells “20, “Social Media, Politics, and Religious Intolerance”
  • Ivelis Colon '19, "In the Image of God: Race, Gender, and Christian God Talk"
  • Anders Blomso ’18, “ ‘And Heav’n to Earth’: Locating Enmeshment in Milton’s Cosmogenesis”
  • Julia Davis ’17, "The Religious Right from Bush to Trump: The Impact of the Christian Conservative Movement on Reproductive Policy in the US under Three Presidencies"
  • Christina Locke ’17, "Mysticism in Abrahamic Religions"
  • Jessica Martineau ’16, "Tantra and Unification: A Study of the Hymn to Kali"
  • Fernando Lopez ’15, "A Research Bibliography of Traditional Ayurveda"
  • Amanda Argueta ’15, "The Divine Representation of Women Politicians in South Asia"
  • Josh Christophersen ’14, “Narratives of Pilgrimage: An Exploration of the Religious and the Secular Journeys”
  • Avery Duncan ’14, “To Follow Reason is to Follow God”
  • Yvette De Alba ’13, “Spiritual Perspectives on Death”
  • Martin Palacios ’13, “The Gospel of the Dark Knight”
  • Josh Tractenberg ’13, “Religion and Self-Sacrifice”
  • John Violich ’13, “Practice and Consciousness of the Surfer”
  • William Beard ’12, “Remembering Theophilus: A Socio-Rhetorical Approach to Luke-Acts”
  • Danielle Richards ’12, “Genocide and Religion in Rwanda”
  • Jeff Wilson ’12, “The Ramayana in Translation”
  • Charles Burke ’11, “Where is the Radical Love? Finding Radical Love in American Christian Spirituality and Sexuality"
  • Kathleen Connors ’11, “Sorcery and Society in Sri Lanka”
  • Kristina Shaw ’11, “Muslim Integration: The Case of Turkish Muslims in Germany”
  • Justin Valero ’11, “The Blood of the Lamb"

Learn from leaders in their fields

Jason A. Carbine’s research traverses the Buddhist and religious cultures of Southeast and South Asia, and he teaches widely on religion and society across Asia and around the globe. He is the author of Sons of the Buddha: Continuities and Ruptures in a Burmese Monastic Tradition (2011), and co-editor and contributor to How Theravada is Theravada? Exploring Buddhist Identities (2012). He has several works in progress, focusing on Myanmar, ritual space, and the environment, among other topics.

Rosemary P. Carbine specializes in historical and constructive Christian theologies, particularly comparative US feminist, womanist, and Latinx/mujerista theologies, theological anthropology (religious understandings of the person that centralize gender, race, and sexuality), public/political theologies (interrelationships of religion and society), ecological theologies, and teaching and learning in theology and religion. In addition to publishing numerous articles in leading peer-reviewed journals and chapters in critically acclaimed scholarly anthologies, she has co-edited and contributed to three books, The Gift of Theology (2015), Theological Perspectives for Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness (2013), and Women, Wisdom, and Witness (2012). She is currently working on a book that offers a constructive feminist public theology in conversation with US faith-based social justice movements, tentatively titled, Nevertheless We Persist. Her scholarship elaborates a feminist public theology that critically revisits and reclaims Vatican II’s approach to the role of the Church in the modern world and simultaneously redresses common clericalist and patriarchal assumptions about the agents and activities of U.S. public Catholicism.

Irfana M. Hashmi specializes in the history of the Islamic world, focusing on the urban mosque. Her current book project focuses on the social world of learning at al-Azhar in the 16th and 17th centuries. She is working on a digital humanities project, titled Digital al-Azhar, an interactive 3D Virtual Reality model of al-Azhar Mosque. Hashmi’s scholarly work has been supported by a number of fellowships and grants; she is currently on leave working on her book manuscript, The Social World of Islamic Learning at al-Azhar Mosque. Hashmi's leave is supported by a faculty grant award from the National Endowment for the Humanities.